Artist Facts

Name: The Beatles
Active: 1960-1970
Genre: Rock, pop, psychedelia

Artist Background

The Beatles band was formed in Liverpool in 1960. It was compromised of four members; John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and George Harrison. They were a very influential group and they adopted various names through their various phases. Their names included Johnny and the Moondogs, The Silver Beatles, The Beetals, The Silver Beetles and The Beatles. During their active years, they produced many international hits and toured many countries. Their most popular songs include; ‘Hey Jude’, ‘I want to Hold Your Hand’, ‘Penny Lane’ and ‘Blackbird.’ They did not have a lot of music training but their styles were always diverse. They tried to merge different music styles and instruments. Their versatility made them stay relevant for many years. They reinvented rock and roll and were inspired by artists such as; Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, Fats Domino, Smokey Robinson and Buddy Holly.

When John Lennon was sixteen, he and his friends from Quarry Bank High School formed a group that played skiffle. The music genre is a mix of blues, folk and jazz. The group, Blackjacks, later changed its name to ‘The Quarrymen’. He met Paul McCartney, a rhythm guitarist who later on joined the group. McCartney was only 15 at the time.

McCartney’s friend’, George Harrison, joined the band as the lead guitarist the next year even though John Lennon initially objected because he felt that Harrison was too young. John Lennon joined Liverpool College of Art in 1959. By then, his friends from Quarry Bank High School had left. At that time, the group name was changed to Johnny and the Moondogs. They occasionally played rock and roll but since they didn’t have a drummer, they only played when they could get one.

Another member, Stuart Sutcliffe, joined the group at the beginning of 1960 and they changed the group name again to ‘Beatles.’ They didn’t use the name for too long. Just a few months later, they changed it to ‘The Silver Beetles.’ In the same year, they changed it to ‘The Silver Beatles’ and then to ‘The Beatles.’ They were signed to EMI’s Parlophone label in London and Ringo Starr joined them. They released the songs ‘Love Me Do’, ‘Please Please Me’, and ‘P.S I Love You.’

They continued to grow more and more popular and Lennon and McCartney wrote the songs together. Harrison, however, had limited chances to be the lead vocalist. They finished their fifth Hamburg residency towards the end of 1962. Following producer Epstein’s advice, they started to act more like a professional band. They started dressing and acting more professionally.

Artist Music Career

Inn 1963, The Beatles recorded their debut LP consisting of ten songs. The singles ‘Love Me Do’ and ‘Please Please Me’ were successful. The album was released in speed but still received many positive reviews. In 1970, 11 of their 12 songs released in the UK reached number 1 at some point through 1970. ‘From Me to You’ was released in April and it became an international hit.

They later released ‘She Loves You’ which became the fastest selling record in the UK at the time. As they became more and more popular, they started to receive more media attention. Their relaxed and comical attitude earned them more popularity and created ‘Beatlemania’ a phenomenon characterized by enthusiastic fans. They toured UK three times in 1978.

In October the same year, they toured Sweden. They later released ‘With the Beatles’ which became the second album in the history of UK chart to sell a million copies. In 1963, ‘I Want to Hold Your Hand’ became the top hit in the US. By 1964, they went to New York and gave their first live TV performance in the US. There final album ‘Let It Be’ was released in 1969. At that point, the band had strained relationships. John Lennon signed paperwork to end the partnership in 1974. The members released solo albums often involving one other member of the former group.

Artist Major Works & Achievements

Among the most notable accomplishments of The Beatles is the fact that their debut album was at the top of the charts for 30 weeks. Out of their 12 albums, 11 number one on the UK national charts. They also topped US charts regularly. The Beatles had the top-selling single every six weeks and the leading album one out of every three weeks. In their active years, The Beatles won ten Grammy Awards. They received three Brit Awards and fifteen Ivor Novello Awards.

The Beatles revolutionized band music. They combined different music sounds, styles and attitudes. Every new release involved sophisticated experimentation that inspired the future musicians in UK and across the world. They became the blueprint for pop and band music and increased the status of celebrities all over the world. Rolling Stones Magazine named their album Sgt. Pepper’s named the greatest album of all time. It was a worldwide hit. The Beatles band is the highest-selling band in history. In Britain alone, they have had more number 1 albums and singles than any other act. In America, they have had more than 177 million units. That was a big accomplishment considering how hard it was for British acts to make in the American market. They promoted world peace and increased dug awareness. The Beatles started a lot of new music types such as the ‘Concept Album’ and Magical Mystery Tour.